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Saturday, December 4, 2021

Shala Salamati


Section-2.  Assess disaster, risk and vulnerability.  Disasters are incidents or physical conditions that can lead to accidents, injuries to individuals, damage to property, damage to infrastructure, agricultural destruction, and damage to the environment.  Risk is the associated aspect of the probability that disaster arises.  Risk has been equated with frightening possibilities or it can lead to loss or damage.  Weakness is a condition in which human habitation, housing, agricultural crops or human health problems are created by its creation or its symptoms of periodic proximity to the catastrophic natural condition of the land.  The main objective of Disaster, Risk and Disability Assessment is to find risk based solutions tPossible solutions are considered in advance to minimize the damage and the problems that arise in saving human life.  (A) Non-structural assessment.  After an earthquake, more than 70% of the damage is of non-structural type.  - Meanwhile, the number of people injured due to falling houses is the highest.  Non-structural components are components of a building that will not fail to move the entire building.  These components rely on structural elements for support and include paraphernalia, exterior components such as doors and dilapidated ceilings, interior components such as lights and basic necessities such as AC, water connection pipes and in-house chairs, file horses, computers,  Photos etc. are also included.  Cases of these components are known as non-structural cases for determining and mitigating risk.  Le QUONIAN Y TRICO Responsibility for problem solving

o the alternative unintended consequences of any disaster and also to pay special attention to vulnerabilities (disability), reduce disaster and prepare for disaster preparedness.  For this, the least damage is done and the problems and possible solutions for saving human life are considered in advance.  (A) Non-structural assessment.

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Note- The above list is illustrative.  When assessing disaster, risk and disability, schools may add more details to the above list if they deem appropriate.  (B) Structural Assessment The structural components of a building are the structural parts of the building so that the building is constructed.  The foundations, columns, beams, floor system, roof system and structural parts can house the entire structure of the building.  The casing of these structural parts of the building is known as structural casing.  No. Structural Problem Type Location 1 ૨ 3 € 5 ઉપ Presence of Sesmic Band Floating Column Short Column Expansion Joint Large Door Beam Size Responsibility for Problem Solution

Section-2.  Preparation Equipments are activities that are aimed at reducing the risks of various disasters, making resistance operations effective and increasing capacity.  Disaster Preparedness To mitigate the effects of a disaster, to increase resilience before a catastrophic situation arises.  It is very important for school staff to be committed to any disaster situation.  Children who are the future of tomorrow should have a safe learning environment and should be able to cope with any crisis.  To rehearse this, it is suggested that each school should form a school DM committee with sub-committees / teams for better disaster preparedness and resistance.  (A) Formation of School Disaster Management Committee.  (SDMC) The school should form a school disaster management committee for various preparations regarding the prevention plan and management of mitigation activities.  The SDMC (School Disaster Management Committee) should be functioning throughout the year.  The SDMC (School Disaster Management Committee) should train school students, teachers and other staff to be aware of such activities and to manage various activities and to deal with any emergency situation.  The SDMC (School Disaster Management Committee) should bring the various stakeholders under one umbrella so that the continuous efforts of each stakeholder can create a conducive environment for education and a school environment including peace.

(B) SDMC (School Disaster Management Committee) Sub-Committee Formation The following sub-committees / teams should be formed and they will function under SDMC (School Disaster Management Committee).  1.  Awareness Education and Communication Team 2.  Primary treatment team 2.  Search and rescue team  Migration Squad 2.  Site Security Team 2.  Transportation Management Team 2.  Fire Protection Team (c) Permanent Movable Items (1) List of Permanent Movable Items available on the school premises.  Number Physical Condition Condition No. 2 Permanent Movable Items First Aid Fire Extinguishers

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Playground and open space.  .  Item Map (Appendix-2) This map should include the following information.  Important equipment like fire extinguishers, ropes, first aid kits etc. available in the school premises.  Fire Station, Hospital / PHC, Police Station, Civil Defense Office, EOC  Tools available nearby like etc.  Nearest bus station, railway station, auto rickshaw station.  Geographical locations such as lakes, rivers, high / low plains, beaches, etc. near school premises.  I.  Migration Map (see Appendix 2) This map should contain the following information.  All CDOs, windows and doors should be displayed in the migration.  The exit routes for migration should be clearly indicated.  Migration should indicate different ways to get out of the classroom, staffroom, etc.  Migration maps should be placed at various locations in the school and should be marked in red with "You are here" so that anyone using the map can find the nearest exit and migration route.

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